Geography of Japan


The territory of modern Japan was colonized throughout its history. Thus for a long time Japan was divided and the separate parts of the country lived its own life. We should not forget that Japan is located in several climatic zones.

All this provides considerable climatic, natural and cultural diversity of the country. Each region and each Prefecture is different from other sights, cuisine, dialect of the Japanese language. On this page we describe the features of each of the eight regions of the country.

The capitals of prefectures, except where noted, are the same city.

Attention! We remind you that traditional Japanese transcription of geographical names differ somewhat from the system Polivanova (attack or defense ). In particular, in the geographical system of transcription “e” after consonant is replaced by “e” . and “e” at the beginning of words is replaced with “yo” .

District Hokkaido

The area of Hokkaido is one Prefecture of the same name and is the northernmost of the large Japanese Islands that bears the same name. The capital of the Prefecture is the city of Sapporo .

Hokkaido is the northernmost Japanese Prefecture. Here the coldest winters in Japan. Average winter temperature in Hokkaido is minus 6°. In summer, however, the average temperature is about 25°.

The population of the Prefecture is about 6 million people. The island is connected to Honshu 54-kilometer underwater tunnel, Seikan .

The Hokkaido economy is based on agriculture. Only here in Japan to grow industrial quantities of vegetables – onions and potatoes, and also breeds of dairy and beef cows and sheep. In other parts of Japan meadows quickly overgrown jungle.

Another important industry – fishing. The North of Hokkaido is extremely rich in rare and delicious species of fish and marine plants and animals.

Hokkaido is an important centre of nature tourism. Many Japanese people come to the island to admire the meadows and fields in summer and skiing in winter.

The Tohoku District

The Tohoku district is located in the North of Honshu island and includes six prefectures: Aomori . Iwata (the capital is Morioka ), Miyagi (capital Sendai ), Akita . Yamagata and Fukushima .

The district population is about 10 million people.

As Hokkaido, the Tohoku region is relatively cold. Its economy is also based on agriculture, this time in growing rice and fruit crops.

Many tourists are attracted as oak Tohoku, and many colorful festivals that are held in its largest cities.

The Chubu Region

The Chubu region is located in the center of Honshu island and includes nine prefectures: two from the Pacific ocean in Shizuoka and Aichi (the capital is Nagoya ), three mountain Prefecture – Yamanashi (the capital city is Kofu ), Nagano and Gifu . and four of the Prefecture from the sea of Japan – Fukui . Ishikawa . Toyama and Niigata .

The district population is about 21 million people.

Aichi Prefecture is famous for its machine-building industry, Shizuoka Prefecture – a traditional Japanese agriculture.

Mountain of the Prefecture of the Chubu region is famous for its vegetables and high-precision production equipment such as cameras, watches and so on.

Niigata Prefecture is known for its rice plantations. All four of the Prefecture, closest to the sea of Japan, and develop Japanese traditional industry the production of paper, textiles and so on.

The Kanto Region

The Kanto region is located in the East of the main island Honshu and includes the Metropolitan Prefecture of Tokyo and six prefectures: Ibaraki (capital – MiTo ), Tochigi (the capital is Utsunomiya ), Gunma (the capital is Maebashi-Shi ), Saitama (capital – Urawa ), Chiba and Kanagawa (capital – Yokohama ).

The district population is about 40 million people.

The Kanto region is an industrial, governmental and educational center of the country. Here are almost all government institutions, major universities, as well as many factories and enterprises. Also, however, there developed agriculture.

The District Of Kinki (Kansai)

The kinki district is located in the West of the main island Honshu and includes seven prefectures: mie (capital – Zu ), Whitefish (capital – Otsu ), Nara . Wakayama . Kyoto . Osaka and Hyogo (the capital is Kobe ).

The district population is about 23 million people.

The kinki region – the former political and economic center of the country. Here are two ancient capitals of Japan Kyoto and Nara, still therefore representing huge interest for tourists.

Economic center is the city of Osaka, in ancient times became an important commercial and industrial center of the country. The main branches of its industry – shipbuilding and steelmaking.

In the center of kinki region is Japan’s largest lake Biwa .

The dialects of the Kanto-Ben and Kansai-Ben are two major dialects of the Japanese language. The important thing now is for Japan, the Tokyo dialect (Kanto-Ben), so if the anime want to highlight any character, then “assign” him a Kyoto dialect (Kansai-Ben). The ratio of the two dialects is the topic of many jokes and disputes.

Overall, cansize are considered more practical and relaxed than kantory.

District Chugoku

Tohoku district is located in the West of the main island Honshu and includes five prefectures: the Prefecture of Okayama and Hiroshima from the Seto inland sea . separates Honshu from Shikoku island, Tottori and Shimane (capital – Matsue ) – Prefecture, located by the sea of Japan, and Yamaguchi Prefecture . bordering on both seas.

The district population is about 8 million people.

Along the coast of the Seto built a powerful chemical and steel industry. Its center is the city of Hiroshima rebuilt after the atomic bombing famous.

The district is divided in half by Tohoku. The part which is adjacent to the sea of Japan, developing agriculture and livestock.

The Shikoku District

The district and the island of Shikoku is divided into four prefectures: Kagawa (the capital is Takamatsu ), Tokushima . The Ehime (the capital is Matsuyama ) and Kochi .

The district population is about 4 million people. The island is connected to Honshu by a bridge Seto Ohashi length of about 12 km.

The island’s climate is tropical, therefore, in addition to chemical and steel industries, in the plains of Kochi are grown many vegetable crops, and in the sea caught many species of tropical fish.

The Kyushu District

The area of Kyushu island and is divided into seven prefectures: Fukuoka . Saga . Nagasaki . Oita . Kumamoto . Miyazaki . Kagoshima . Also the structure of this region includes the Prefecture and the Okinawa island (the capital of Naha ).

The district population is about 15 million people.

Northern Kyushu district heavy industry and rice cultivation. Also in Kyushu have many volcanoes, which are split around the national parks.

The center of tourism and fisheries on the island is the city of Nagasaki, one of Japan’s largest port cities.

Okinawa is the southernmost Prefecture of Japan. This island is known for its wonderful subtropical climate and major military base in the U.S., disputes about the necessity of the existence of which is continued since its inception.

Until the end of the XIX century on the territory of Okinawa was the Ryukyu Kingdom . former crossing of the far Eastern trade routes. So the culture and traditions of Okinawa significantly differ from the culture and traditions of the “master” of Japan.

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