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Tea ceremony in Japan

 

There are more than 700 years in Japan regulated by the tea ceremony. Its history began in the 13th century, when the famous monk Eisai of the Rinzai school was imported to their home country traditions of the Chinese tea ceremony. All the rules were described in detail in the monumental work Tajin – the book of tea. The main difference between the Japanese tea ceremony from the Chinese is that it is not aimed only at enjoyment, and is mainly ritual.

The greatest prosperity the ritual reached in the 15th century, when the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa ordered to be constructed on the territory of the country Palace of Kyoto, a special open-air pavilion, where they were supposed to be tea ceremonies for aristocratic friends of the shogun. They were conducted under the guidance of a specially trained man, the master Murata JUKO. In the 16th century, all educated Japanese have adopted a new tradition and, thanks to the efforts of sen-no Rikyu, began to hold similar ceremonies in their houses.

In 1732 because of crop failure and famine tea ceremony ceased to be conducted in the homes of the aristocracy.

The Renaissance of this ancient tradition occurred in 1868 in the Meiji ISIN (the Meiji restoration), when Continue reading

Geography of Japan

 

The territory of modern Japan was colonized throughout its history. Thus for a long time Japan was divided and the separate parts of the country lived its own life. We should not forget that Japan is located in several climatic zones.

All this provides considerable climatic, natural and cultural diversity of the country. Each region and each Prefecture is different from other sights, cuisine, dialect of the Japanese language. On this page we describe the features of each of the eight regions of the country.

The capitals of prefectures, except where noted, are the same city.

Attention! We remind you that traditional Japanese transcription of geographical names differ somewhat from the system Polivanova (attack or defense ). In particular, in the geographical system of transcription “e” after consonant is replaced by “e” . and “e” at the beginning of words is replaced with “yo” .

District Hokkaido

The area of Hokkaido is one Prefecture of the same name and is the northernmost of the large Japanese Islands that bears the same name. The capital of the Prefecture is the city of Sapporo .

Hokkaido is the northernmost Japanese Prefecture. Here the coldest winters in Japan. Average winter temperature in Hokkaido is minus 6°. Continue reading

Azerbaijan Preserving the language

 

As reported Day.Az with reference to AzerTAc, 7 November in Paris, the French national Institute of Oriental languages and cultures (INALCO) opened the faculty of Azerbaijani language.

The opening ceremony was attended by first lady of Azerbaijan, President of Heydar Aliyev Foundation, goodwill Ambassador of UNESCO and ISESCO Mehriban Aliyeva .

French Institut of Oriental languages and cultures teaching languages of the indigenous peoples of Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, Pacific, Africa and the Americas, geography, history, political, economic and social life of countries in these regions and continents. The youth language school founded in 1669 during the reign of king Louis XIV of France, in the twentieth century has received the status of the Institute. After the Second world war the Institute was taught up to 50 languages. The Institute received its current name in 1971, were operated in 3-m the University of Paris. Since 1985 he is an independent structure. Currently, the Institute trained more than 11 thousand students Continue reading

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