Features of nature in Central Asia.


Central Asia, including arid and semi-arid plains, plateaus and highlands. V. limited on the southern part of the Great Khingan, Y. longitudinal tectonic depression of the upper Indus and Brahmaputra. On Z. C. and the border of Central Asia corresponds to the mountain ranges of the Eastern Kazakhstan, Altai, Western and Eastern Sayan.

Relief . Central Asia has a larger height, and clearly distinguished 2 basic tiers of relief. Form the lower tier of the Gobi, Alashan, Ordos, Tarim and Dzungarian plains, the average altitude of 500-1500 m. of which Upper tier — Tibetan plateau, within which the average height increase up to 4-4,5 thousand m. Plains and plateaus are isolated from each other linearly extended mountain ranges of the Eastern Tien Shan, Kunlun, Nan Shan, Mongolian Altai, Karakorum, etc. Gandisyshan the Highest point of the Central Asia — Chogori in Karakorum (8611 m). Axial geological structure of Central Asia is the Western continuation of the Sino-Korean platform. S. with this group of arrays is framed Mongol-Kazakh, and Y. — Kurlansky belts of Paleozoic folded structures. C. on the Tibetan plateau, within Changtan, manifested Mesozoic folding. The modern relief is notable for the complex combination of gravelly and sandy plains (with the areas of hummocks), mountain chains and massifs, the highest of which Continue reading

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