Why not: “the art of creating a Japanese garden” or “technique” or “principles of creation”, namely the philosophy of Japanese gardens? Because the Japanese are incredibly self-sufficient I. a Distinctive feature of Japanese culture is its contemplation, the aestheticism, the ability to peer into the subject for understanding its essence, to admire its beauty, which is understood as a sophistication. The art of beauty vostorgalis (Keim), is revered by the Japanese as the most important feature of their perception of the world. The basis of thinking the Japanese are three principles: the ability to assimilate foreign culture, turning, her in his transferee; love of native place (furusato); the so-called three-valued logic. The Japanese removed the opposition of light and darkness, good and evil, introducing a third opposition, as if distantly, objectively evaluates both the beginning. thereby allowing harmoniously inevitable in a dualistic model of confrontation.
In the main Shinto doctrine – the deification of nature, the emphasis on sobstvennoi of the tradition before meeting with mainland culture. Shintoism preaches only the cleanliness and order of things. all the things of the world spiritualized, purity gives the opportunity to exude things in their essence, for in each one dwells kami – a spirit, a deity. The order in which Continue reading
There are more than 700 years in Japan regulated by the tea ceremony. Its history began in the 13th century, when the famous monk Eisai of the Rinzai school was imported to their home country traditions of the Chinese tea ceremony. All the rules were described in detail in the monumental work Tajin – the book of tea. The main difference between the Japanese tea ceremony from the Chinese is that it is not aimed only at enjoyment, and is mainly ritual.
The greatest prosperity the ritual reached in the 15th century, when the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa ordered to be constructed on the territory of the country Palace of Kyoto, a special open-air pavilion, where they were supposed to be tea ceremonies for aristocratic friends of the shogun. They were conducted under the guidance of a specially trained man, the master Murata JUKO. In the 16th century, all educated Japanese have adopted a new tradition and, thanks to the efforts of sen-no Rikyu, began to hold similar ceremonies in their houses.
In 1732 because of crop failure and famine tea ceremony ceased to be conducted in the homes of the aristocracy.
The Renaissance of this ancient tradition occurred in 1868 in the Meiji ISIN (the Meiji restoration), when Continue reading
Since ancient times people were interested in the starry sky. This interest originated with its annual astronomy calendar, which was extremely important for agriculture, and astrology, with its myths, legends, and attempts to associate by joining together heaven, earth, of gods and men. Stars and constellations have received names, has found its own life, character, history. In honor of the most important gods arranged holidays to get them to continue an annual cycle, to preserve the order of the universe and to take the trouble.
During the Late Chinese Han dynasty (23 – 220 ad) emerged the legend of two lovers, the Weaver star and the Cowherd (the star VEGA in the constellation Lyra, Japanese Sokoji or Tanabata-TsUMe and Altair in the constellation Aquila, in Japanese Congo). Their love was so strong that they could not have issued, and MIGA in separation: Weaver gave up a loom, and the Shepherd left his flocks to. But, as their labors depended the heavenly life on earth, the people suffered untold misery. People cried to the gods and those he had compassion on them, dividing the lovers and allowing them to see each other only once a year.
This and other legends came to Japan from China in the VI-VII centuries, together with the rudiments Continue reading