National holidays in Japan
The legal age in Japan is age 20 years.
Under Japanese law, from that moment young people have the right to participate in elections, bear full responsibility before the law, they are subject to labour legislation, the right to enter into banking and commercial transactions, to conduct real estate transactions, purchase and consumption of alcoholic beverages and tobacco products.
It is believed that the first day of age was observed in Japan in the year 714. Then the young Prince, the heir to the throne, on the recommendation of the priests changed the hairstyle and the shape of the garment, thereby noting its entry in the adult age.
Until the mid-nineteenth century boys and girls become adults at different times. In a series of Shinto rites this ceremony was called genpuku that meant about “new haircut”. The boy aged 10 to 16 years shaved off the curls above his forehead and tie the remaining hair in a pigtail, ukladyvaya on the crown. It was a hairstyle (eboshi) adult male, samurai. At the same time the boy children changed the name to adult. For girls the ceremony took place in a slightly different way. With the help of the elder they first wore kimono adult cut, paint blackened teeth, sometimes shave my eyebrows. This occurred at the age of 12 to 16 and was called Mogi (“the dress”). And boys and girls at the conclusion of this ceremony are considered adults, able to enter into marriage, they went the full measure of responsibility for what is happening in the family.
In 1876 the government of Japan, comparing national traditions with foreign customs, adopted a resolution on the new milestone of maturity. For boys and girls was determined by a single term – 20 years. But only in 1948, this event was celebrated as a national holiday Seydzin-no Hi. Since then, every year on 15 January, the whole country joyfully celebrated the growth of the adult population.
In 1998 a law was adopted according to which since 2000 have suffered a holiday with a fixed date on the second Monday of January. Young people received the law three days before the celebration, and all the Japanese people started calling the day “happy Mondays”.
In celebration Seydzin-Hee but may involve the entire population of the country, but his true heroes are those who are by this time already 20 years old. If birthday falls after the next Seydzin-no Hi day celebration is postponed until next year.
In each municipality, in cities and towns, the head of the local administration conducts Shiki seydzin – “the ceremony of adults”. Each comes a personal invitation from the head of the local administration or institution. A list of 20-year-old citizen of power is obtained from the tax administration: every Japanese is required to pay tax for accommodation. Tax evaders do not receive invitations to the ceremony are not permitted.
Entered into a new phase of their lives boys and girls congratulations to local celebrities – actors, athletes, powerful business people. They say a parting speech, a reminder of civic duty, the new rights and responsibilities, give traditional Souvenirs – pens, watches, medals. Sometimes mayors as part of the ceremony organised fun lottery or choral singing karaoke. Themselves heroes of the occasion take an active part in the celebration.
Every 20-year-old citizen must visit the local temple.
Very many traditions of this holiday are connected with the change of dress. And boys, girls and parents prepare festive attire. Men can now be restricted to European a dark suit, has long replaced the traditional cloak of haori and hakama pants. In women it is accepted to each, regardless of their family income, met Seydzin-no Hi holiday in a new kimono. If the young men their new suit will always be useful in later life, fashion casual kimono was gone, and so is the outfit prepared for the party the next day might for long years to be in the trunk.
Suitable for celebration, not every kimono. The girl should appear “light” in the bright winter (it happens in the coldest time of the year) kimono with long, almost to floor sleeves. This style is called furisode. The kimono is decorated with gorgeously knitted adult site is the Obi belt and a white fluffy scarf – boa. On his feet are the traditional Zori sandals, but very expensive, whose design is consistent with patterns of kimono. The set includes a small and appropriately selected handbag.
The only freedom is in choosing colors and pattern of the dress. Each girl chooses according to their taste, so the January festival is sometimes compared to flying exotic butterflies.
Since the celebration is held in the cold season, in the last few years among girls has become very fashionable to wear on the shoulders of the kimono on top of a luxurious fur coat.
Now, when young people, and the majority of the population of Japan is quite apolitical and free from any ideology, this holiday has become for the vast majority in just an extra day off.
The vernal equinox is the first spring holiday in Japan, which, surprisingly, the Japanese did not bind with the unique astronomical phenomenon, and disappearing into the depths of history and ritual Buddhist holiday Higan.
But first let’s talk about the Day of the vernal equinox, and this day marked the Japanese calendar. Legislative day for celebration was set in 1948. The exact date of the vernal equinox to the next year determined by the national Observatory on 1 February of the current year, producing a corresponding celestial measurements and calculations.
According to the “Law on national holidays” in the Day of the vernal equinox and invested the appropriate “natural” meaning: “to Exalt nature, nurture living creatures.”
Cup rice is the most essential, the offering to the altar of the ancestors