South Korea


Official name: The Republic Of Korea

Capital: Seoul

Voltage: in South Korea, two types of voltage — 110V and 220V. Therefore, before taking the device into the network, check what the voltage is indicated on the outlet.

How to get there: Airlines «Aeroflot» and Korean Air do direct daily flights from Moscow to Seoul. A number of airlines offering flights with transfer in various European cities and Asia. Incheon international airport is located 52 km from Seoul and is connected with the highway. It is a multipurpose facility that is used not only for transport purposes but also as an entertainment and shopping centre. To Seoul can be reached by buses-trains and taxis.

Geography. The Korean Peninsula is situated in northeast Asia. From the North-Western side boundary between the Korean Peninsula and China passes through the river Amnok river (chin. Yalu), and the North-Eastern side of the Tumen river (chin. Dominican) separates the Peninsula from China and the Russian Federation.

The Korean Peninsula bordering the Yellow sea on the West side and the East sea to the East. On all sides it is surrounded by numerous Islands, the largest of which are the jejudo and Ulleungdo.

From North to South the Peninsula stretches for 1,030 km, and from West to East – just 175 km on the Territory of the Republic of Korea, located in the southern part of the Peninsula, is 100,033 sq km and a population of 48.580.000 million people by 2010.

The time difference with Moscow is +5 hours

Language: Korean. Modern Korean alphabet, Hangul consists of 40 letters. It was invented in g. enlightened monarch Sejong the Great, and with g. introduced by Royal edict as state letters. Almost all signs in the streets, transport, etc. dubbed in English, but most Koreans do not speak colloquial English.

Religion: traditional Buddhism and more recently penetrated into the country of Christianity. Both these currents are strongly affected by Confucianism which was the official ideology of the Joseon dynasty for 500 years, and shamanism, which was the main religion of the common people of Korea.

Currency: Korean won. In circulation are banknotes of 1000, 5000, 10,000 and 50,000 won and coins 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500 out. As coins of 1 5 and over are rare, the calculations are allowed to round up to 10 won.

Foreign currency and traveller’s cheques can be exchanged into Korean won at banks or certified exchange points. Major credit cards such as VISA, Master Card, American Express, Diners Club and JCB are accepted in all major outlets.

Climatic and seasonal characteristics: Geographically Korea is located in the middle latitudes in the temperate zone, that’s why here pronounced all four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Spring is usually considered the months from March to may, summer – from June to August, autumn-September to November winter-from December to February. In spring and autumn due to the influence of the anticyclone establishes clear and dry weather, and in summer the Korean Peninsula is under the influence of air masses coming from the North Pacific, which contribute to the establishment of stuffy hot weather. In winter continental air mass of high pressure causing the cold and dry weather.

The temperature in the North-Western part of South Korea in January averages -2…-5 °C, in July +23 … +26 °C.

Winter on the island of Cheguo, unlike other areas, most soft. January temperature averages +1…+3 °C, in July +25 °C.

On average in the country the annual rainfall is over 100 centimeters. In drier years, the mark drops to 75 centimeters. The highest rainfall – the rainy season – falls in the period June to September.

Flora and fauna: the Mountain slopes of the East Korean mountains covered with mixed forests with predominance of pine, spruce, oak, Linden, poplar, maple, ash, elm, aspen and hornbeam. Also in these forests there are tree, Manchurian walnut, velvet wood, trunks of trees entwined with vines, and underbrush grows in the ginseng. The coastal plains are occupied by thickets of bamboo, evergreen oaks, laurels and rice fields.

In the forests of South Korea are foxes, boars, Gorely, ROE deer, Sika deer, Manchurian deer, speakers, otters, squirrels, sometimes you can see tigers, leopards, lynx and Siberian and Asiatic black bears. In the coastal areas have the highest diversity of birds: passerines, herons, cranes, storks, geese, ducks, sandpipers, gulls, cormorants, auks, murres, and guillemots. In addition, South Korea meet birds of prey such as sea eagle of Kamchatka, and the big gallinaceous birds – pheasants, black grouse and hazel grouse. In coastal and inland waters of the country is home to several hundred species of fish.

Recommended activities: excursions to historical and natural attractions, ski and beach holidays, diving, surfing, medical tourism.

Recommend to buy here:

We recommend you to look through (the main attractions):

We recommend you to try (kitchen, cuisine): Korean products such as kimchi (fermented cabbage), Cathal (salted clams, fish or shrimp) and Tengan (soybean paste) are famous for their distinctive aroma and high nutritional value.

Kimchi – main national dish and pride and a symbol of Korean cuisine fermented with lots of pepper vegetables.

Positan – national Korean soup dishes from dog meat.

Pulkogi (translated from the Korean language – “fiery meat”) – the view of traditional Korean barbecue, which is grilled and pan. Commonly used are beef and veal (but sometimes chicken and pork) that is marinated beforehand in a mixture of soy sauce, sesame seeds, garlic, pepper, green onions, mushrooms, etc.

Ttoc – Korean rice cakes.

Soju – national alcoholic drink a fortress of about 20% (meets and 45%). Chase him out of sweet potatoes, so soju sweet taste.

Main national holidays: Officially recognized in Korea and operates the Gregorian calendar, though some holidays are based on lunar calendar. During weekends and official holidays closed banks and various public institutions, but museums, palaces, most restaurants, stores and places of entertainment continue to work. The most important traditional holidays in Korea are considered Sollal (New year according to the lunar calendar) and it’s thanksgiving (Korean thanksgiving Day). At this time millions of people return to their hometowns to celebrate the holidays with their families. On Sollal Koreans conduct a traditional ritual dedicated to the ancestors, and make “sebe” – a traditional bow performed only for the New year according to the lunar calendar.

Public holidays (Weekend)

1 January – New year according to solar calendar

Sollal – New year according to the lunar calendar

March 1 – Day movement independence

5 may – children’s Day

Buddha’s birthday is celebrated on the 8th day of the 4th lunar month.

6 June – Day of remembrance

August 15 – liberation Day of Korea

It’s thanksgiving – Korean thanksgiving is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar.

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