The Japanese national costume
Japanese culture is a unique phenomenon not only in the context of global culture, but also in some other Eastern cultures. It has continually evolved since X – XI centuries. C XVII until mid XIX century, Japan was practically closed to foreigners (only communication was maintained with the Netherlands and China).
In this period of isolation Japan experienced creative development of national identity. And when after several centuries before the world, finally revealed the rich traditional culture of Japan, she had a strong influence on the subsequent development of European painting, theatre and literature.
Japanese culture is in many ways unique and amazing. Here is amazing politeness gets on with boldness, courage and willing self-sacrifice of the samurai.
In the middle ages Japan borrowed and assimilated the achievements and traditions of other Nations more often than in any other time, but this does not prevent to develop their national, Japanese. That is why Japan is still considered an amazing country with many interesting traditions and things.
That is why the development path Japan is so unlike the development of other countries in the middle ages. Considerable remoteness of Japan from other developed countries of the middle ages, led to a completely original development and current developments in all spheres of life of the Japanese.
Any national costume somehow reflects the characteristics of the material and cultural life of the people, including national character. This fully applies to kimonos . in the XX century which has become very popular in the world.
The type of cut, silhouette, single details and motifs were widely used in international fashion, but the kimono itself in its traditional form remains for foreigners one of the matters difficult to grasp areas of Japanese culture.
There are many representatives of the Western world, who have studied the subtleties of Japanese language and literature, music, tea ceremony, ikebana, martial arts etc. but even on them the kimono looks like an alien.
A lot has been said and written about what kimono to a Japanese ideal-type figure, both female and male. It is really visually correct proportions low by the nature of the Japanese, but it’s not just creating the illusion of slimness. Kimono is not just regulates the pattern and rhythm of movements, but also is a kind of national psychology focus.
Japanese woman in kimono embodies a standard of grace restrained, soft femininity and modesty. wearing kimono, unable to Express the natural harmony plastics, which have charmed Japanese women.
That kimono “involved” in the creation of the image, is confirmed by the fact that European clothing those Japanese ladies are perceived differently. Need to know how to wear kimono, as, indeed, any costume that is different in a certain style, character, manner.
Traditional men’s kimono, strict, dark colors are lost against the extraordinarily rich decorative effects female samples. Individual characteristics and beauty of the kimono is revealed only when he puts on people. The same kimono on different people will look differently.
Putting on and wearing kimono requires special knowledge and skills that are governed by certain rules. Posture, posture are of great importance and should be natural. The back should be kept straight, the chin slightly retracted, and shoulders relaxed.
Necessary to avoid sudden and sweeping movements, as in this case can be seen hands above your hands and feet, and even a fleeting flicker of his open legs between the sexes is considered bad manners.
Additions to the kimono:
In order to feel convenient and comfortable than the kimono, the Japanese wear different accessories is lower kimono, and all sorts of the bottom shirt and skirt. Such clothing is worn, usually as a lower garment. Why Japanese underwear? It’s simple. Expensive silk kimono can be difficult to clean, and protects such basic clothing kimono from contact with human skin, and thus protects from frequent washing.
Common for the Japanese shoes, geta is. Geta is Japanese comfortable shoes, which consists of a wooden platform on the cross bars. At the foot of geta is fastened by means of two cords stretched from heel to the front of the geta, and passing between the big and second toe.
Ironically, in such shoes, the Japanese managed to actively move and even fight.
Except geta, in the middle ages, the Japanese also wore Zori . which were made of straw, leather, vinyl, and even wood. Another interesting fact is that these shoes were masteries for right and left feet separately.
An important component of women’s costume is the Obi belt (men’s version, it plays such a role). You know the expression: “the Essence of beauty (referring to the costume as a whole) attached to the back of the woman”, as proverb says: “a Woman that does not know how to tie Obi, is able nothing”.
If Obi acts as the aesthetic center of the costume, the sleeves got emotional and lyrical value. This tradition originated long before the advent of the kimono. Poetics of the kimono is not limited to the topic of sleeves. Its décor is almost always associated with the seasons and reflects the poetry and symbolism of natural phenomena. The history of the kimono, an extraordinarily interesting and diverse, is one of the beautiful pages of Japanese decorative art.
If you collect all items of clothing-kimonos, petticoats and geta, get a image of the traditional clothes of inhabitants of the Country of the rising sun, which are firmly imprinted their experience, traditions and mysterious culture.